Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a federal law that prohibits discrimination in employment on the basis of sex, race, color, national origin, and religion. Title VII also forbids an employer from retaliating against an employee because of the employee’s opposition to “any practice made an unlawful practice” by Title VII, or the employee’s participation in “an investigation, proceeding, or hearing under [Title VII].” 42 U.S.C. § 2000e-3(a).
Title VII applies to employers with 15 or more employees, including federal, state, and local governments. It also applies to private and public colleges and universities, employment agencies, and labor organizations. There are State laws that prohibit employment discrimination as well, some of which include sexual orientation as a prohibited basis of discrimination.
What do these civil rights laws mean for you? If your workplace is covered by the applicable federal or state civil rights laws, you cannot be fired, demoted, or have other negative actions taken against you at work for the following reasons:
If you feel you’ve been discriminated against at work, contact The Hill Firm to discuss how you can explore your legal rights. We counsel clients in New York and New Jersey about workplace discrimination and offer a confidential consultation to discuss your options. You can reach us toll free at 844.540.3700, by email at BilalHill@LawNJNY.com, or through our contact form.